A Step-by-Step Guide to Setting Up Selenium with Cucumber for Effective Automated Testing

Rahul Agarwal
3 min readAug 11, 2023

In the world of software testing, automation has become a cornerstone for ensuring the quality and reliability of applications. Selenium and Cucumber are two powerful tools that, when combined, offer a dynamic framework for creating automated tests with natural language specifications. In this blog, we’ll walk you through the process of setting up Selenium with Cucumber for effective automated testing.

**Step 1: Install Prerequisites**

Before diving into setting up the framework, ensure that you have the following prerequisites installed:

  1. **Java Development Kit (JDK):** Install the latest JDK version compatible with your operating system.

2. **Integrated Development Environment (IDE):** Choose an IDE of your preference, such as Eclipse, IntelliJ IDEA, or Visual Studio Code.

3. **Maven:** Install Maven, a powerful build automation tool used to manage dependencies and build projects.

**Step 2: Create a Maven Project**

  1. Open your chosen IDE and create a new Maven project.

2. Define the project’s Group ID and Artifact ID.

**Step 3: Add Dependencies**

  1. In the project’s `pom.xml` file, add the necessary dependencies for Selenium, Cucumber, and related libraries. You’ll need dependencies like `selenium-java`, `cucumber-java`, `cucumber-junit`, and `cucumber-jvm-deps`.

2. Save the `pom.xml` file and let Maven download the required dependencies.

**Step 4: Create Cucumber Feature Files**

  1. Inside your project, create a directory named `src/test/resources` to store your feature files.

2. In the `resources` directory, create a `.feature` file. This file will contain the scenarios written in Gherkin language.

**Step 5: Implement Step Definitions**

  1. Create a new package in your source code directory for your step definitions. These are Java classes that map the Gherkin steps to actual test code.

2. Implement step definition methods for each Gherkin step, using Selenium WebDriver to interact with the application.

**Step 6: Configuration and Runner Class**

  1. Create a Java class that acts as the test runner. This class should be annotated with `@RunWith(Cucumber.class)` and include the path to your feature files and step definition package.

2. Configure the runner class to generate a user-friendly report. You can use plugins like `json:target/cucumber.json` or `html:target/cucumber-reports` in the `@CucumberOptions` annotation.

**Step 7: Writing Scenarios and Steps**

  1. Write your test scenarios using the Gherkin language in the `.feature` files. Each scenario is a series of steps.

2. Map each step to the corresponding method in your step definition class. Implement the logic for interacting with the application using Selenium WebDriver methods.

**Step 8: Run Your Tests**

  1. Right-click on your test runner class and select “Run as” > “JUnit Test.” This will execute your Cucumber scenarios using Selenium.

2. Review the generated reports to see the results of your test execution.

**Step 9: Maintain and Enhance**

As your application evolves, you’ll need to update your step definitions and scenarios to reflect changes in the application’s behavior. Continue using the Gherkin language to describe new test scenarios and maintain a comprehensive suite of automated tests.

**Conclusion: Empowering Quality Assurance with Selenium and Cucumber**

Setting up Selenium with Cucumber provides a powerful framework for creating maintainable and effective automated tests. By combining the capabilities of Selenium’s web automation with Cucumber’s natural language specifications, you can create a bridge between technical and non-technical team members, resulting in a robust and collaborative testing approach. As you embark on your journey of test automation, remember that consistent practice, continuous learning, and adherence to best practices will help you harness the full potential of Selenium and Cucumber for your software testing endeavors.

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Rahul Agarwal

I am a Software Analyst. Fond of Travelling and exploring new places. I love to learn and share my knowledge with people. Visit me @rahulqalabs